Top 15 Internet Safety Rules for Everyone
Table of contents
- 1. Keep your confidential data offline
- 2. Check a website’s reliability
- 3. Use a strong password
- 4. Use two-factor authentication
- 5. Avoid suspicious online links
- 6. Keep your computer updated
- 7. Beware of free Wi-Fi and downloads
- 8. Double check online information
- 9. Secure your internet connection with VPN
- 10. Use cybersecurity software
- 5 rules to teach your children on staying safe online
Most of us rely heavily on the internet to enjoy social media, online education, remote work, and all sorts of entertainment. But widespread use doesn’t equal widespread understanding.
The good news is that there are plenty of ways to stay safe when online. To help, we’ve brought together some of the best pieces of advice here.
Pro tip: It's easier to stay safe on the internet when you have an additional layer of protection. Clario's all-round cybersecurity solution secures you from malware, ensuring a smooth browsing experience with an ad blocker, and protecting your privacy with a VPN. Install a free 7-day trial of Clario now, and read on to learn the best ways to avoid the most common internet pitfalls.
Let’s go through the top 15 internet safety tips for kids and adults to follow.
1. Keep your confidential data offline
“Some data — such as your Social Security Number — should just never go online”
But cybercriminals cannot access or steal your personal information if it’s nowhere to be found on the internet.
That’s why some data — such as your Social Security Number — should just never go online. However, when you still have to share it, be sure to send it as an email attachment and encrypt the file before sending.
Pro tip: One of the ways your personal info can be compromised is through a data breach. Regularly check your accounts for breaches with the Clario Data breach monitor.
2. Check a website’s reliability
“The address line should have a little padlock at the beginning —- this means the connection is encrypted”
As of January 17, 2021, Google had registered more than 2 million phishing sites. But how do you tell a reliable site from a fishy one? First, look at the address line: it should have a little padlock at the beginning — this means the connection is encrypted.
Second, review the look and feel of a website. Below are some criteria to indicate if a website is safe to use:
- pages look neat and are free from mistakes
- grammar in the body text and address line is consistent
- all images fit the screen’s width correctly
- ads feel organic and don’t obscure the main content
If the website meets all this criteria, then it is likely to be safe to use.
Pro tip: Use the Clario browser extension to automatically check sites for malicious content and notify you if they are safe to access.
3. Use a strong password
“Strong passwords should contain at least 12 symbols — letters, numbers, and special characters”
Using strong, unique passwords offers good online protection. Strong passwords should contain at least 12 symbols and feature a mixture of letters (upper and lower case), numbers, and special characters. A recent cybersecurity study showed that passwords under 10 characters could be cracked within an hour. However, those containing at least 12 characters will take about a year to break (and 15-character passwords will withstand a millenium of brute-force attacks).
If you don’t want to think of a combination of symbols for your password, you should try using one of the online password generators.
Pro tip: To check if your passwords leaked, use the Clario Data breach monitor — just enter your email, and we will check all the associated accounts for breaches.
4. Use two-factor authentication
“Even If someone gets a password for your account, they won’t be able to access it if it’s protected by 2FA”
2FA or two-factor authentication is used to provide your account with an additional layer of protection. When you sign into your account with 2FA, you must not only enter the correct password, but also an additional code generated earlier or sent to your device. If someone just gets a password for your account, they will not be able to access your profile without entering this additional code.
5. Avoid suspicious online links
“Shady links are easy to recognize: they will urge you to click or open them”
There’s a certain kind of online content you should avoid: suspicious links from untrusted sources and spam emails, click bait, online quizzes, tabloid headers, ‘free’ offers or unsolicited ads.
If it is a malicious email attachment, the text will not mention the file. Instead the message will just say something like ‘open the attached file and let me know what you think’.
On a website, make sure both text and accompanying links are on the same subject. If you click a link to read more about polar bears and instead of seeing the Arctic, you get a ‘success story’ about a celebrity who lost weight or gave up smoking overnight, then quickly leave the page.
Pro tip: Install Clario browser extension to check links and search results so you know if they are safe to open.
6. Keep your computer updated
“Do your bit to keep your devices secure by regularly updating your software”
It’s important you use the latest versions of your operating systems and apps. Especially if these apps contain your payment, health, or other sensitive info. Developers are constantly working to make products safe, monitoring the latest threats and rolling out security patches in case of vulnerabilities. So, accept their work, update your software regularly, and do your bit to keep yourself secure.
7. Beware of free Wi-Fi and downloads
“Free downloads, online services or Wi-Fi networks are the most common sources of online security problems”
Free downloads, online services or Wi-Fi networks are the most common sources of online security problems. If you decide to go for a free solution, make sure it has a reliable reputation: research the name of the service or software and you will probably find some feedback on how it works.
Using free public Wi-Fi is not always safe, but sometimes we need to go online urgently. Remember to avoid accessing your bank accounts or completing purchases via free Wi-Fi. If you do need to do this, use VPN software to get protection for the data you send over the unsecured network. If it’s not urgent, then it’s better to postpone any important transactions until you get home.
Pro tip: If you want to stay safe using public Wi-Fi and also secure your home network, use Clario’s Wi-Fi protection.
8. Double check online information
“Reliable websites should have references to the original information source”
It’s easy to get lost in the flood of online information we’re exposed to everyday. If you find something questionable, do your own research to find out the truth or - at least - make up your own mind on the matter. Reliable websites should have references to the original information source. Suspicious pages won’t offer any references at all.
9. Secure your internet connection with VPN
“A VPN will hide your bank details when you’re shopping online and other sensitive information that can be compromised”
A VPN makes your internet connection private by changing your IP address. It also hides the sensitive data you send over, including bank details when you’re shopping online and other private information that can be compromised.
Pro tip: Get a Clario VPN to make sure your connection is safe across all devices.
10. Use cybersecurity software
“In some cases, following the above is just not enough”
A reliable cybersecurity solution will provide you with an extra level of safety, covering your back in cases when following these rules above is just not enough.
Clario provides you with additional privacy benefits like real-time antivirus protection for Android and macOS, unlimited VPN, and an ad blocker with anti-tracking feature. It will protect you from spam and phishing, and instantly alerted if your personal data goes public. If you have any questions or doubts, a team of experts is at your service 24/7/365.
Start with Clario in 3 simple steps:
- Download the app
- Personalize your account
- Sign up for a free trial (no cc required)
Now that you know how to protect yourself online — it’s time you shared some basics with your kid(s). These security lessons are also good for other family members who may be less familiar with the internet (such as elderly relatives). So, here they are.
5 rules to teach your children on staying safe online
Teaching your kids to stay safe online is extremely important. Your online network is only as strong as your weakest link.
- Explain to your child what a digital footprint is. Together with your child, search for information about yourself or an actor they like, and discuss the results. Talk about what others may learn about you from these results and how we leave a digital footprint on the internet - consciously or not.
- Create family rules for shared content. Clearly define for the whole family what content should and shouldn’t be shared online. Photos and personal information such as your home address and phone number should be among the first on the list.
- Help your child detect phishing. Explain to your child how to avoid messages, links, or emails from strangers asking for account information or featuring a weird attachment.
- Teach your child to create strong passwords. You can tell your child that an effective password must contain different characters and warn that it should not be shared with anyone.
- Encourage positive communication online. Explain to your child the importance of behaving politely online and to treat others the way you want to be treated. Just like in the physical, offline world